The charity now known as Clergy Support Trust (formerly Sons & Friends of the Clergy) is in fact an amalgamation over time of six Anglican clergy support organisations. The first of these, the Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy, was founded in 1655 by a group of sons of clergy to support destitute clergy during the time of Oliver Cromwell. In 1678 the organisation, by then known as the Governours of the Charity for Releefe of the Poor Widdowes and Children of Clergymen, received a Royal Charter from Charles II.
1649 - The Commonwealth of England
England is ruled as a republic following the end of the second English civil war and the trial and execution of King Charles I in 1649. Persecution of the clergy who had remained loyal to the Crown and the traditional form of religious servivce was widespread, with many being deprived of their livings by Oliver Cromwell.
Picture: The trial of King Charles I in January 1649. Engraved by John Burnett after a picture by John Burnet.
1655 - The Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy
The Corporation was founded by a group of merchants in the City of London and a group of sons of clergymen (hence the name) who wanted to help destitute clergy and their families. They met for the first time at Old St Paul's Cathedral for a service of worship followed by a dinner at Merchant Taylors' Hall on 8 November 1655. This was the first ever 'Festival' of the Corporation.
Picture: Old St Paul's Cathedral before it was destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666.
1660 - Restoration
Following the death of Oliver Cromwell in 1658 and the failure of the Protectorate under his son Richard, the son of Charles I is restored to the throne as King Charles II in May 1660. The Church is re-established, although not all sequestered clergy are readmitted to their livings.
Picture: King Charles II painted by baroque painter John Michael Wright (1617–1694) or his studio.
1678 – Royal Charter
On 1 July 1678 Charles II granted the charity a Royal Charter. It introduced the ‘Court of Assistants’ to oversee the administration of the ‘Charity for Releefe of the Poor Widdowes and Children of Clergymen’ (although the charity was commonly known as The Sons of the Clergy). The first President was John Dolben, Bishop of Rochester and Dean of Westminster, while the first Vice-President was Sir Christopher Wren, whose father was a clergyman.
Picture: a Royal Charter from King Charles II
1749 – The Clergy Orphan Society
The Clergy Orphan Society was founded to maintain and educate the orphaned (ie fatherless) children of both sexes of Anglican clergymen, 'until of age to be put to apprentice'. Subscribers to its funds included King George III and his aunt Princess Amelia. Initially, the charity paid for children to be educated at existing schools: the first pupil, John Pyrke, was sent to a school in Thirsk, Yorkshire, in May 1751. The Society later established its own school at Acton, Middlesex.
Picture: Portrait of King George III by Scottish portrait painter Allan Ramsay (1713-1764)
1820 – Clothing Society for the Benefit of Poor Pious Clergymen
Mary Lamb and Phyllis Peyton started to collect clothing to deliver to twelve clergy families in their neighbourhood in Leicestershire. Within a few years their ‘Clothing Society for the Benefit of Poor Pious Clergymen’ was collecting clothing from a wide area and even bringing bales of clothing from London by canal boat.
Picture: Mary Lamb (1764-1847) and her brother Charles Lamb (1775-1834), celebrated English writers.
1809 – Clergy Orphan Corporation
The Clergy Orphan Society, having begun to run its own school, was reconstituted as the Clergy Orphan Corporation. Three years later the School moved to new purpose-built premises in St John's Wood, adjacent to the Lord's Cricket Ground.
Picture: Lord's Cricket Ground, as seen in 1837.
1849 – Friend of the Clergy Corporation
The Friend of the Clergy Corporation was established 'for the purpose of providing permanent pensions for the widows and orphan unmarried daughters of clergymen of the established Church of England and Ireland, and for the purpose of affording temporary assistance to necessitous clergymen of such church and their families'. It received a Royal Charter from Queen Victoria in 1854.
Picture: Facsimile of The Morning Post for 26 November 1855 advertising an 'election of pensioners' by the Friend of the Clergy Corporation, to take place in Bishopsgate on 27 November 1855. 'Four ladies will be placed on the funds'.
1856 – Poor Clergy Relief Corporation
The Poor Clergy Relief Society was established in 1856 by the Revd W G Jervis, a curate in Kingston, Surrey. Its purpose was to make monetary grants to ‘impecunious’ clergy, many of whom were struggling on low incomes. This was a challenge to the Sons of the Clergy and the Friend of the Clergy Corporation, whose main focus was to support the widows and children of clergy, not clergy themsleves. The charity was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1867.
Picture: newspaper advertisement for the Poor Clergy Relief Corporation.
1866 – Curates Augmentation Fund
The Curates Augmentation Fund was established to provide extra income for those clergy in long-term curacies (longer than 15 years), often in slum or difficult parishes. This supplemented some limited assistance already provided to High Church curates by the Additional Curates Society (established in 1837) and to Low Church curates by the Church Pastoral Aid Society (established in 1836), both of which still exist today.
Picture: the cartoon published in the magazine Punch on 9 November 1895 which gave rise to the phrase 'curate's egg'. A timid-looking curate is eating breakfast at his bishop's house. The bishop says: "I'm afraid you've got a bad egg, Mr Jones." The curate, desperate not to offend his host and ultimate employer, replies: "Oh no, my Lord, I assure you that parts of it are excellent!"
1900 – Poor Parochial Clergy Society
The Clothing Society for the Benefit of Poor Pious Clergymen established in 1820 was renamed the ‘Poor Parochial Clergy Society’. At this point the charity was taking 2,500 boxes and parcels a year to more than 250 clergy families. This work was later taken over by the Poor Clergy Relief Corporation, which had its offices at 38 Tavistock Place in London, and continued in this form until 1969, when the provision of clothing and goods was replaced by monetary grants.
Picture: text of a letter about the Poor Clergy Relief Corporation which appeared in The Church Times on 1 December 1916.
1972 – Friends of the Clergy Corporation
The Friend of the Clergy Corporation and the Poor Clergy Relief Corporation amalgamated to form the Friends of the Clergy Corporation, which was established by Act of Parliament dated 27 July 1972. The charity's purpose was 'to provide financial and other assistance to the Clergy of the Anglican Communion, and any widow, child or other dependant (whether married or unmarried) of any such persons, who may be in financial necessity or distress, wherever they may be'.
Picture: Friends of the Clergy Corporation Act 1972.
1997 - Clergy Orphan Corporation
The Clergy Orphan Corporation, which had been running two schools (St Edmund's Canterbury for boys, and St Margaret’s Bushey for girls), made both schools independent. The Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy then became sole trustee of the Clergy Orphan Corporation, assuming responsibility for its remaining administration and work.
Picture: St Margaret's School in Bushey, Hertfordshire.
2012 - Sons & Friends of the Clergy
After forming a common trustee body in 2005, and moving into shared offices in Westminster in 2007, the final step in amalgamating the Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy and The Friends of the Clergy Corporation took place in December 2012 when the two charities became one entity: Sons & Friends of the Clergy.
2017 - Expanded charitable objects
In November 2017 HM The Queen, the charity's Patron, approved an Order in Council to amend the Royal Charter objects, to include (in addition to the relief or prevention of poverty or hardship, and the relief of illness) 'the promotion of health' among Anglican clergy and their families. This coincided with increased interest in clergy health and wellbeing within the Church of England and wider Anglican Communion.